Passport for September 2020

This is an online version of the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). You may click here to see other online issues or click here to reach the archive of recent issues in PDF format. 

Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19

Check your email on the scheduled days for links to these videos

September 15, 2020
Anshu Chatterjee
Naval Postgraduate School

Narendra Modi’s Nationalist Agenda in the Era of the Pandemic

The past decade has been one of the most challenging decades in India’s modern history. The pandemic introduced a new variable into a country that is facing a declining economy and rising challenges from China, along with the simultaneous rise of Hindu nationalism. In 2019, the BJP, India’s Hindu nationalist party, won a majority for the first time. Immediately after winning its majority, the BJP made two controversial decisions: one removing the autonomy of the Kashmir region, and the second reducing the rights of noncitizens, producing a backlash in civil society. Professor Anshu Chatterjee sheds light on these issues and the implications of the spread of Covid-19 in this setting. Anshu Chatterjee is a Senior Lecturer in the National Security Affairs Department at the Naval Postgraduate School. She received her PhD in Asian Studies from the University of California, Berkeley.

September 30, 2020
Jonathan Czarnecki
Naval War College

Globalization, Governance, and Change

Globalization, the international system that has become a defining force in world affairs and its governance within nation states, can be credited with lifting over a billion people out of severe poverty. But there is increasing opposition to the international integration of capital, technology, and information across national borders. Dr. Jonathan Czarnecki analyses this critical debate and provides insight into our future. Jonathan Czarnecki is Professor of Joint Military/Maritime Operations in the US Naval War College Program at the Naval Postgraduate School. A retired Army Colonel with 27 years of experience in the field, Dr. Czarnecki earned his PhD in Political Science and Applied Social Statistics from the State University of New York at Buffalo. He is the author of over 60 scholarly articles on national security and international relations.


Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19

The following is the tentative schedule and list of topics for upcoming episodes of WACMB’s “Quick Takes” video program. On the scheduled day, you will receive an email with a link that will take you to the video.

  • October 15: Bradley Strawser, NPS – Ethics and Public Policy
  • October 30: Anna Grzymala-Busse, Stanford University – The Erosion of Democracy in Hungary and Poland
  • November 15: TBD
  • November 30: Jonathan Lipman, Mt. Holyoke College – Muslims in China Today

Remember: all the past episodes of our “Quick Takes: Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19” series, along with many videos of previous luncheon talks, are available on the Speakers, Topics, and Videos page of this website.


Discussion Groups

WACMB coordinates two ongoing discussion groups that address a new current topic each month. The sessions are are free and open to the public.

The MPC Discussion Group, moderated by Judith Glickman, is meeting via Zoom. Meetings take place from 4:00 to 5:30 pm.

  • Tuesday, September 8: “National Security Affairs in the Age of Covid-19,” with introductory remarks by Robert Tomlinson.
  • Monday, September 21: Topic and speaker TBD

The OLLI/CSUMB Discussion Group, moderated by John Hetz, will resume on September 14, and will then meet on October 12, November 9, and December 14.


For more information about WACMB Discussion Groups, click here.


Free MIIS Lecture Series

The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS) is a longtime and valued partner of WACMB. We are pleased to share their announcement of a free virtual lecture series this fall. Presentations will be followed by Q&A sessions with the audience.

The lectures will take place on Zoom, and advance registration is required in order to receive a Zoom invitation. To register, go to https://tinyurl.com/MIIS-WorldViews and follow the prompts there. Here’s the schedule:

  • Wednesday, September 9, 1:00 – 2:00 PDT
    Professor Pushpa Iyer, Director of the MIIS Center for Conflict Studies, will speak on Pandemic, Protests, and Politics: Prospects for Peace
  • Wednesday, October 14, 4:30 – 5:30 PDT
    Professor Jason Blazakis, Director of the MIIS Center on Terrorism, Extremism, and Counter-Terrorism, will speak on Delving Into the Extremism of White Supremacy: Who Are They, and What Do They Want?
  • Wednesday, October 28, 12:00 – 1:00 PDT
    Professor Jason Scorse, Director of the MIIS Center for the Blue Economy, will speak on The Ocean Climate Action Plan: Turning Ideas Into Advocacy
  • Wednesday, November 11, 4:30 – 5:30 PST
    Professor William Potter, Director of the MIIS James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, and Aubrey Means, MIIS MA Candidate in Non-proliferation Studies and Terrorism Studies, will speak on The US-Russian Nuclear Predicament: Are We Doomed to Cooperate or Simply Doomed?

Crossword Puzzle

For your Shelter-in-Place entertainment, the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area presents its first-ever crossword puzzle! Answers will appear in the October Passport.

You can print this page from your web browser and fill in by hand or click the button below to get a version you can fill in online and print or save.

WAC-Crossword-Puzzle-1b-v03-cropped



This is the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). Founded in 1951, the council is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization established to promote the presentation, discussion, and study of international affairs. WACMB is a tax-exempt 501 (c) (3) organization, EIN-770301206. Contributions are tax deductible as permitted by law. WACMB sponsors monthly luncheons, discussion groups, and student scholarships.

Corporate and institutional support for the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area is provided by:

  • California State University Monterey Bay
  • Defense Language Institute
  • Monterey Peninsula College
  • Naval Postgraduate School
  • Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
  • Rancho Canada
  • Horan & Lloyd Law Firm

WACMB Logo

Discussion Groups, September 2020

The MPC Discussion Group, moderated by Judith Glickman, is meeting via Zoom. Meetings take place from 4:00 to 5:30 pm.

  • Tuesday, September 8: “National Security Affairs in the Age of Covid-19,” with introductory remarks by Robert Tomlinson.
  • Monday, September 21: Topic and speaker TBD

The OLLI/CSUMB Discussion Group, moderated by John Hetz, will resume on September 14, and will then meet on October 12, November 9, and December 14.


For more information about WACMB Discussion Groups, click here.

Special Events

Fall Schedule – click here

  • Sep 9: Pandemic, Protests, and Politics: Prospects for Peace
  • Oct 14: Delving Into the Extremism of White Supremacy: Who are They, What Do They Want?
  • Oct 28: The Ocean Climate Action Plan: Turning Ideas Into Advocacy
  • Nov 11: The US-Russian Nuclear Predicament: Are We Doomed to Cooperate or Simply Doomed?

Jan Knippers Black Human Rights Speaker Series at MIIS

Jan Black Human Rights Protection Talk with Kevin de León & Charlie Clements (Click here to register)

Passport for August 2020

This is an online version of the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). You may click here to see other online issues or click here to reach the archive of recent issues in PDF format. 

Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19

Check your email on the scheduled days for links to these videos

August 15, 2020
Emily Meierding
Naval Postgraduate School

The Pandemic and the Price War: Oil During Covid-19

As the Covid-19 pandemic intensified, oil markets experienced a rocky ride. Dr. Emily Meierding explores the reasons for the collapse of oil prices in the spring of 2020 and discusses the prospects for recovery. Emily Meierding is an Assistant Professor in the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey. Her research examines energy geopolitics and environmental security issues. Dr. Meierding’s book, The Oil Wars Myth: Petroleum and the Causes of International Conflict, has just been published by Cornell University Press. She holds a BA in history from the University of California, Santa Cruz, and an MA and PhD in political science from the University of Chicago.

August 30, 2020
Robert Tomlinson
Naval War College

National Security Affairs in the Age of Covid-19

Dr. Robert Tomlinson looks at how America’s response to the Covid-19 pandemic will dramatically shape our foreign policy and national security choices. He argues for the development and promulgation of a new national security strategy that takes into account the new geopolitical reality of America’s role in a post-Covid world. Robert Tomlinson is an Associate Professor of National Security Affairs in the Naval War College’s program at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey. Dr. Tomlinson has a BA from the College of the Holy Cross, master’s degrees from Golden Gate University and California State University, Northridge, and a PhD from Claremont Graduate University. He served in the US Air Force for 26 years, retiring at the rank of Colonel.


Click here for a list of all “Quick Takes” episodes, both published and planned. On the scheduled day, you will receive an email with a link that will take you to the video.


Video Library

Remember: every past episode of our “Quick Takes: Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19” series is available in our video library, along with many videos of previous luncheon talks. Go to our Speakers, Topic, and Videos page to view the following Quick Takes:

  • Philipp Bleek on How Prepared Were Governments to Meet Covid-19-Related Issues? (coming on July 30)
  • Mike Clancy on Covid-19 and Climate Change
  • Craig Whiteside on ISIS
  • Glenn E. Robinson’s on Global Jihad

WACMB coordinates two ongoing discussion groups that address a new current topic each month. The sessions are are free and open to the public.

Click the headline above to read more.


High School Essay Contest Winners

This spring, WACMB launched a new initiative: a high school essay contest. Thanks to the Scholarship Committee – Michelle Amirkhanian, Brett Borden, Jean Hurd, Chris Keehn, and Larry Johnson (ex officio) – for their hard work in creating the contest, which aims to encourage interest in international affairs and global studies among local high school students.

Entrants were required to write an essay that addressed the following: If you could change something in current world affairs, what would it be? Why should it be changed, and how would you change it?

You can read or listen to the winning essays by clicking here.

Congratulations to the winners!

  • Jasmine Agha is a junior at York School. Jasmine’s essay, “Fear and Hopelessness in the Unknown,” addresses the catastrophic civil war in Syria and the plight of Syrian refugees.
  • Jane Hoffman is a junior at Santa Catalina School. Jane’s essay, “Confronting the Climate Crisis,” encourages extensive international collaboration to reduce carbon emissions.
  • CJ Hunt is a sophomore at Seaside High. CJ’s essay, “The Problem of Capitalism,” argues for an international shift to economies that are driven by the common good rather than by profits.
  • Angelia Shi is a junior at Santa Catalina School. Angelia’s essay, “Our Future: A Religious Melting Pot,” recommends the study of comparative religions as a way to increase tolerance and decrease conflicts.

How the World is Approaching Covid-19

At the July WACMB Board meeting (conducted via Zoom to allow for safe social distancing), there was a discussion about the ways that different countries are addressing Covid-19. Here in the US, of course, we’re using masks, handwashing, social distancing, and sanitizing wipes, etc. But what practices are encouraged and discouraged elsewhere?

Doug Rogers, our Publicity chair, reached out to friends all around the world to ask about what’s being done in their countries, and they quickly responded.

The poster to the left is from Australia, and emphasizes hand washing for at least 20 seconds. (Sound familiar?)

The other responses came as links to videos, which are mostly PSAs. We think you’ll enjoy them!

Remember: Wash your hands. Wear your mask. Maintain social distancing. We’re all in this together.


CRYPTOGRAMS!

Answers to the Cryptograms in July’s Passport

  1. GN GKV’N UVYQAD NY NIPM ILYQN BUIOU. YVU SQKN LUPGUTU GV GN. IVR GN GKV’N UVYQAD NY LUPGUTU GV GN. YVU SQKN ZYHM IN GN.
    -UPUIVYH HYYKUTUPN
    ANSWER: It isn’t enough to talk about peace. One must believe in it. And it isn’t enough to believe in it. One must work at it.
    -Eleanor Roosevelt
  2. YVH BXWWHG RW MVRPV SWH HWLQGHC MVXY BQCY TH HWLQGHL RC BSGH RBOSGYXWY YVXW YVH YVRWZ YVXY BQCY TH HWLQGHL.
    -LHXW XPVHCSW
    ANSWER: The manner in which one endures what must be endured is more important than the thing that must be endured.
    -Dean Acheson
  3. VG JDX OSIBQ SC Z KXIN CZTSPQ BXZB HXIQSG, “Z GZJVSG JDZJ BSXQ GSJ UGSO VJQ DVQJSIN VQ BSSTXB JS BS HSSIFN SG JDX QYDSFZQJVY ZHJVJPBX JXQJ.”
    -BZKX AZIIN
    ANSWER: In the words of a very famous dead person, “A nation that does not know its history is doomed to do poorly on the Scholastic Aptitude Test.”
    -Dave Barry

This is the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). Founded in 1951, the council is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization established to promote the presentation, discussion, and study of international affairs. WACMB is a tax-exempt 501 (c) (3) organization, EIN-770301206. Contributions are tax deductible as permitted by law. WACMB sponsors monthly luncheons, discussion groups, and student scholarships.

Corporate and institutional support for the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area is provided by:

  • California State University Monterey Bay
  • Defense Language Institute
  • Monterey Peninsula College
  • Naval Postgraduate School
  • Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
  • Rancho Canada
  • Horan & Lloyd Law Firm

WACMB Logo

Discussion Groups, August 2020

The MPC Discussion Group is meeting via Zoom. Moderated by Judith Glickman, the group will meet on August 10 and 24. Check the Passport next month for September’s schedule.

The OLLI/CSUMB Discussion Group, moderated by John Hetz, will resume on September 14, and will then meet on October 12, November 9, and December 14.


For more information about WACMB Discussion Groups, click here.

Quick Takes

For both reasons of public health and to be compliant with California’s Covid-19 rules, your World Affairs Council has suspended in-person luncheons for the time being. In their stead, we have initiated a program of 15-minute ‘quick takes’ lectures by leading international affairs experts in the Monterey region. These will be posted to our videos page on the 15th and 30th of each month according to the schedule below. If your email address is not already on file with WACMB, please click here to send a request to be added to the distribution list.

High School Essay Contest Results

In March of 2020, The World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area announced an essay contest for local high school students. Participants wrote a 350 – 400 word essay addressing the following topic: If you could change something in current world affairs, what would it be? Why should it be changed and how would you change it? Each of the winners listed below will receive an award of $150.

Jasmine Agha

Junior, York School

Fear and Hopelessness in the Unknown

Click on the arrow to listen to the essay, as read by WACMB board member Doug Rogers.


Jane Hoffman

Junior, Santa Catalina School

Confronting the Climate Crisis

Click on the arrow to listen to the essay, as read by WACMB board member Doug Rogers.


CJ Hunt

Sophomore, Seaside High School

The Problem of Capitalism

Click on the arrow to listen to the essay, as read by WACMB board member Doug Rogers.


Angelia Shi

Junior, Santa Catalina School

Our Future — A Religious Melting Pot

Click on the arrow to listen to the essay, as read by WACMB board member Doug Rogers.


Passport for July 2020

This is an online version of the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). You may click here to see other online issues or click here to reach the archive of recent issues in PDF format. 

Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19

Check your email on the scheduled days for links to these videos

July 15, 2020
Mike Clancy
Citizens’ Climate Lobby

The Effect of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Climate Change:
A Silver Lining?

Economic fallout from the Covid-19 pandemic has produced the largest drop in global energy demand since the Great Depression of the 1930s. This drop in energy demand has translated directly into a drop in global CO2 emissions. If some restrictions on economic activity stay in place worldwide until the end of the year, global emissions will likely drop by about 7%, 6 to10 times larger than during the 2008 global recession. Is this falloff in emissions a “silver lining” of the pandemic that will help the world achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Accord? Mike Clancy of Citizens Climate Lobby examines this question in the context of the science of climate change and of current global economic and political challenges. Mr. Clancy is the former Technical and Scientific Director of the Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center in Monterey.

July 30, 2020
Philipp C. Bleek
miis

Helping People Help Themselves: How Prepared Were Governments to Meet Covid-19 Related Expectations of their Constituents?

In 2007, Philipp Bleek co-authored research on how prepared governments at the local, state, and federal level were to meet citizen expectations following a biological weapons attack. Drawing on that research he reflects on the degree to which authorities in the United States were prepared to meet the Covid-19-related needs of their constituents. To the extent that their preparations fell short, he considers what might have been done and, more importantly, what might now be done, to avert similar shortcomings in the future. Dr. Philipp C. Bleek is Associate Professor of Nonproliferation and Terrorism Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey. He previously served as Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs.


WACMB coordinates two ongoing discussion groups that address a new current topic each month. The sessions are are free and open to the public.

Click the headline above to read more.


Click the headline above to read more.


Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19

The following is the tentative schedule and list of topics for WACMB’s new Quick Takes video program. On the scheduled day, you will receive an email with a link that will take you to the video.


Video Library

If you missed an episode of our “Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19” series, fear not! You can find that video, along with many videos of previous luncheon talks, by going to our Speakers, Topic, and Videos page. Here’s what you’ll find:

  • Craig Whiteside’s “Quick Take” on ISIS
  • Glenn E. Robinson’s “Quick Take” on Global Jihad
  • Isebill Gruhn on Europe in Turmoil
  • Jeffrey Knopf on Chemical Weapons: Lessons from Syria
  • Boyd Haight on Global Challenges for Food and Agriculture
  • Larry Diamond on Saving Democracy from Russian Rage and Chinese Ambition
  • Francis Fukuyama on The Global Rise of Populist Nationalism
  • . . . and many more!


In Memoriam: Mary E. Boyken

The World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area announces with sadness the passing of Mary E. Boyken on June 2 in Monterey after a long illness. Many will remember Mary as a dedicated Board member of the World Affairs Council who designed and produced this newsletter, The Passport.

Mary was born in San Francisco in 1930, grew up in Burlingame, CA, and graduated from Stanford University. She worked for Time magazine in New York for a time, and then moved to Washington, DC, to begin a long career
as an editor with the US Information Agency (USIA).

Mary was kind and generous, intelligent and witty. Her absence will be felt by all who knew her.


Welcome to Our New Members

The World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area extends a warm welcome to
our newest members!

  • Jennifer Acuff
  • Peter and Anne Albano
  • Jill Cody and Jerry Grimes
  • Patrick Nevis
  • Ann Pendleton
  • Andrea Quihuis
  • Cynthia and Frederick Riebe
  • Frank Shields
  • Katherine Spitz


CRYPTOGRAMS!

For your shelter-in-place entertainment, The Passport presents WACMB’s first-ever cryptograms. These cryptograms are all quotations that are (at least somewhat) relevant to world affairs. Each quotation is followed by its author’s name. Each cryptogram has its own code, so you’ll need to figure them out individually.

  1. GN GKV’N UVYQAD NY NIPM ILYQN BUIOU. YVU SQKN LUPGUTU GV GN. IVR GN GKV’N UVYQAD NY LUPGUTU GV GN. YVU SQKN ZYHM IN GN.
    -UPUIVYH HYYKUTUPN
  2. YVH BXWWHG RW MVRPV SWH HWLQGHC MVXY BQCY TH HWLQGHL RC BSGH RBOSGYXWY YVXW YVH YVRWZ YVXY BQCY TH HWLQGHL.
    -LHXW XPVHCSW
  3. VG JDX OSIBQ SC Z KXIN CZTSPQ BXZB HXIQSG, “Z GZJVSG JDZJ BSXQ GSJ UGSO VJQ DVQJSIN VQ BSSTXB JS BS HSSIFN SG JDX QYDSFZQJVY ZHJVJPBX JXQJ.”
    -BZKX AZIIN

Answers will appear in next month’s Passport.


This is the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). Founded in 1951, the council is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization established to promote the presentation, discussion, and study of international affairs. WACMB is a tax-exempt 501 (c) (3) organization, EIN-770301206. Contributions are tax deductible as permitted by law. WACMB sponsors monthly luncheons, discussion groups, and student scholarships.

Corporate and institutional support for the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area is provided by:

  • California State University Monterey Bay
  • Defense Language Institute
  • Monterey Peninsula College
  • Naval Postgraduate School
  • Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
  • Rancho Canada
  • Horan & Lloyd Law Firm


WACMB Logo


Board Meeting July 2, 2020

No physical meeting of the WACMB board this month.

Due to technological and practical limitations, the virtual board meeting will be limited to board members and invited guests.

Open to Members

Begins at 4:30pm

Use the calendar widget nearby on this page to add this event to your personal electronic calendar.

Passport for June 2020

This is an online version of the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). You may click here to see other online issues or click here to reach the archive of recent issues in PDF format. 

A Letter from WACMB’s New President

Dear WACMB Members,

I hope The Passport finds you healthy during these difficult times. I want to share some exciting news about the innovative programs that your World Affairs Council will provide to you in the months ahead when we cannot gather in person for our traditional monthly luncheon meetings.

We have developed an online video series entitled “Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19.” These ‘quick takes’ – each about 15 minutes in length – come from leading international affairs experts in our area, including faculty at the Naval Postgraduate School, the Middlebury Institute of International Studies, and the Naval War College unit based at NPS. These short analyses will be emailed to you on the 15th and the 30th of every month; all you will need to do is to click on the link in the email, and you will be taken directly to the video. We will also post these videos on our website. We have an exciting line-up coming your way for the next several months. Look inside this Passport for the full schedule. I have volunteered to be the guinea pig, and will talk about my forthcoming book on global jihad. Look for the email on June 15!

If you have received the Passport via email, you are already on our distribution list. If you don’t currently receive it by email, you can click here to send a request to be added. If you have friends and neighbors who would also like to receive this free content, please have them email us at wacmb@redshift.com and ask to be added to the distribution list.

In addition to bringing you expert analysis twice a month online, we are also moving our discussion groups online. The MPC/WACMB group under the leadership of Judith Glickman is meeting virtually via Zoom. This group is currently full, but if you are interested in participating, please send us an email and we’ll see what we can do. The OLLI/WACMB group is currently on its summer hiatus, but will resume in the fall, when it will be moderated by John Hetz.

June also ushers in a new WACMB Board for 2020-2021. I would like thank Larry Johnson and Jerry Sullivan for their incredible service to our organization. Larry has been the president for the past two years and an active volunteer for much longer, and Jerry has been our treasurer for more years than I can count. Both have termed off the Board as our bylaws mandate, but they will continue to assist the World Affairs Council: Larry will become the WACMB liaison to the OLLI program, and Jerry will assist our new treasurer, Peter Albano, to ensure an orderly transition. In addition to new officers, we are excited to welcome several new Directors as well. Please look inside this Passport for a complete list of your new Board and brief biographies of our new Directors.

Please stay safe! And until we can meet again in person, do take advantage of our new online programs to stay on top of what’s happening in international affairs!

Glenn E. Robinson
President, World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area


WACMB coordinates two ongoing discussion groups that address a new current topic each month. The sessions are are free and open to the public.

Click the headline above to read more.


Click the headline above to read more.


WACMB’s New Board Members

Peter R. Albano

WACMB’s new treasurer is an Investment Advisory Representative with Castle Rock Wealth Management, LLC, a Registered Investment Advisor providing investment analysis, portfolio management, advisory services, and financial planning. Peter has served both individual and corporate investment management clients over a 45-year career with several financial services firms. Peter graduated from Hobart College with a BA in Psychology, and studied business cycle analysis at the American Institute for Economic Research. He served for nine years as a Director of the Carmel Bach Festival, and in his spare time plays a mean bluegrass guitar.

Philipp Bleek

An Associate Professor of Nonproliferation and Terrorism Studies at the Middlebury Institute for International Studies, Philipp focuses on the causes, consequences, and amelioration of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons threats. From 2012 to 2013, he served as Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs. Philip hold a BA in Public and International Affairs from Princeton, an MA in Public Policy from Harvard, and a PhD in Government from Georgetown.

Judith R. Glickman

Since 2017, Judith has been a Principal at JRG Organizational Consultant, where she engages in strategic thinking, planning, actioning, governance, and leadership coaching. She came to organizational consulting after a long career in educational administration, working as Principal, Superintendent, and Head of School in public and private schools from California to the UK, and as a partner with Educators’ Collaborative consulting firm. Judith earned a BA in Biological Sciences and an MA in Education, both from UC Berkeley, and a PhD in Educational Psychology from USC.

Gary J. Ohls

In his academic career, Gary taught at the University of Colorado, Texas Christian University, and the Naval War College in Newport, RI, before retiring in 2017 from the Naval War College at NPS as a Full Professor of Joint Maritime Operations and of Strategy and War. In addition to his academic career, he spent 36 years in the Marine Corps, which he entered at the enlisted level and rose to the rank of Colonel. He has a PhD in History from TCU and three master’s degrees, and continues to teach as an adjunct at the Marine Corps Command and Staff College. He has published two books and is currently doing research for his next project.

Jessica Piombo

After completing her PhD in Political Science at MIT, Jessica began teaching in the National Security Affairs Department at NPS, where she is an Associate Professor. She focuses on political transitions, statebuilding, African security, managing ethnic conflict, and US foreign policy in sub-Saharan Africa. Jessica has been a visiting scholar at the University of the Western Cape, the University of Cape Town, George Mason University, and Stanford University, and has conducted research in Cambodia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Laos, Rwanda, South Africa, and Uganda. She is currently studying the impact of international assistance in post-conflict societies.

Douglas Porch

A Distinguished Professor Emeritus and former chair of the National Security Affairs Department at NPS, Douglas specializes in the study of counterinsurgency and North African military history. He has been an Academic Visitor at St. Antony’s College at Oxford University, and a Visiting Fellow at Oxford’s Changing Character of War Programme. He holds a BA from the University of the South, and a PhD from Corpus Christi College at Cambridge University. The author of ten books, he is currently conducting research on French combatants in World War II.


Issues Around the World in the Age of Covid-19

The following is the tentative schedule and list of topics for WACMB’s new “quick takes” video program. On the scheduled day, you will receive an email with a link that will take you to the video.


Program Report: Mike Clancy

For our February luncheon, we had the honor of hosting Mr. Mike Clancy, the former Science Director for the Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center in Monterey, who spoke on “The Climate Crisis: A Major Challenge for the World.” Mr. Clancy gave a fascinating big-picture history of climate, including the natural 100,000- year climate cycles that periodically produce ice ages. For much of recorded history, the Earth has enjoyed a pretty steady climate within a gradual cooling stage that produced, for example, the ‘Little Ice Age’ that preceded the industrial revolution.

Yet beginning with the industrial revolution in the 19th century, and shifting into overdrive for the past 50 years, the Earth has experienced a sudden and massive spike in surface temperatures. Monterey County has warmed up 1.9 degrees Celsius (about 3.5 degrees Fahrenheit) since 1900. This sudden warming is occurring at precisely the time the Earth should still be in a gradual cooling phase. As Mr. Clancy put it, the Earth’s temperature is headed in the “wrong direction” at a rate 20 times the speed of natural climate change. Both the direction and pace of change have been produced largely by human activity, particularly the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, where they trap heat. Carbon dioxide makes up about 72% of all greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and methane makes up about 20%. However, methane is far more potent, and will likely be released in very large quantities as the frozen (and methane-trapping) tundra melts in Alaska and elsewhere. Meanwhile, human activity emits about twice the level of carbon dioxide that the earth can absorb.

After reviewing the impacts of climate change, Mr. Clancy discussed the political processes designed to mitigate the worst impacts of a warming climate, such as the Paris Agreement. He noted that such processes have had little success to date. The two worst offenders in terms of carbon dioxide emissions, by a considerable margin, are China (on an aggregate basis) and the US (on a per capita basis).


Correction to the May Passport

The Great Decisions discussion program is produced by the Foreign Policy Association, not by the Council on Foreign Relations.



This is the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). Founded in 1951, the council is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization established to promote the presentation, discussion, and study of international affairs. WACMB is a tax-exempt 501 (c) (3) organization, EIN-770301206. Contributions are tax deductible as permitted by law. WACMB sponsors monthly luncheons, discussion groups, and student scholarships.

Corporate and institutional support for the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area is provided by:

  • California State University Monterey Bay
  • Defense Language Institute
  • Monterey Peninsula College
  • Naval Postgraduate School
  • Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
  • Rancho Canada
  • Horan & Lloyd Law Firm


WACMB Logo