The Passport for August 2019

This is an online version of the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). You may click here to see other online issues or click here to reach the archive of recent issues in PDF format. 

Europe in Turmoil

Immigration.  Brexit.  An unraveling nuclear deal with Iran.  A populist surge.  Trade tensions. Climate change……  The European Union and Europe in general face myriad and sometimes overwhelming challenges.  Many believe the conflict between an old establishment and new challenges will define future European politics. Our guest, Dr. Isebill Gruhn, will examine the current issues, their political and economic consequences, and the prospects for the future.

Click the dateline above to read more.


WACMB coordinates two ongoing discussion groups, which are free and open to the public. Each month, the group selects the topic for the following month’s discussion.

Click the headline above to read more.


WACMB In Profile: Fred Lawson

The World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area is full of interesting people who have done and are doing interesting things. WACMB In Profile will let you get to know some of them better.

If WACMB had an icon, it would be Fred Lawson. He has been involved with our organization for many years, including stints as president, board member, and discussion group facilitator. But there’s a lot more to Fred than WAC. Let’s scroll back to WWII, when he left the little town of Aledo, Illinois, at the tender age of 17 to enlist in the army. Starting as a private, he rose through the ranks in the European Theater of Operations, and went on to serve as an officer during the Korean War. After concluding his active duty service, Fred joined the Army Reserves, and continued his meteoric rise there, retiring as the Commanding General of the 91st Division of the Army Reserves. No surprise: Fred is in Fort Benning’s OCS Hall of Fame.

In the meantime, Fred had quite the civilian career. After earning degrees at the University of Illinois and the Stanford Graduate School of Business (where he was a Stanford Sloan Fellow), Fred went to work in the corporate world, where he – you guessed it – rose through the ranks. He was Corporate VP at Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical Corp., and Senior VP at BHP, Ltd., the world’s largest multinational mining company. His work sent him to Jamaica, Sardinia, several sub-Saharan Africa countries, and twice to Australia, where he combined the two strands of his life by serving in the Australian Army Reserves, and where he was honored by being named to Who’s Who in Australia.

After “retiring” from the corporate world, Fred went to work as a private management consultant in organizational restructuring, financial management, strategic planning, management development, and industrial relations. When he’s not working, he’s volunteering with the Ft. Ord Alumni Association, the CSUMB Foundation, and, of course, WACMB.

Fred and his wife, Peggy, live in Carmel. They have two sons and two grandchildren, all of whom they enjoy seeing as often as possible. And we of the World Affairs Council very much enjoy all the time we get to spend with Fred!


Program Report: Larry Diamond

World-renowned Stanford professor Larry Diamond spoke at our July luncheon on the declining state of democracy in the world. The expansion of democracy during the “third wave” of democratization, which began four decades ago, led to a majority of the world’s countries being democratic for the first time in history. The democratic expansion continued until 2006, when it ground to a halt. We have seen a “protracted democratic slump” ever since.

Democracies tend not to die quickly, but rather change over time to illiberal democracies and then to non-democracies. Hungary and Turkey, for example, are well down the path of democratic reversal. Dying democracies tend to turn into “competitive authoritarian regimes,” which share some features of democracy, including elections, but their system is rigged to all but ensure that an opposition cannot win an election. The surprise win of the opposition in the Istanbul city elections so flummoxed President Erdogan that he called for a ‘do-over’ election, which also failed. Even competitive authoritarian regimes can sometime miscalculate.

The “12 Step Program for Autocrats” is similar around the world, and includes declaring media as the ‘enemy of the people,’ constraining the judiciary, intimidating civil society, taming the business community, undermining civil service and the intelligence community as agents of a ‘deep state,’ and taking steps to suppress votes and rig elections.

Diamond concluded his talk by noting the pernicious influence of Russia and China on democracy. Neither country wants liberal democracy to thrive, and both are taking steps to undermine democratic prospects.


Click the headline above to read more.


This is the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). Founded in 1951, the council is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization established to promote the presentation, discussion, and study of international affairs. WACMB is a tax-exempt 501 (c) (3) organization, EIN-770301206. Contributions are tax deductible as permitted by law. WACMB sponsors monthly luncheons, discussion groups, and student scholarships.

Corporate and institutional support for the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area is provided by:

  • California State University Monterey Bay
  • Defense Language Institute
  • Monterey Peninsula College
  • Naval Postgraduate School
  • Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
  • Rancho Canada
  • Horan & Lloyd Law Firm

WACMB Logo

Luncheon on August 22, 2019

Topic

Europe in Turmoil

Speaker

Dr. Isebill Gruhn

Professor Emerita,
University of California
Santa Cruz

Overview

Immigration.  Brexit.  An unraveling nuclear deal with Iran.  A populist surge.  Trade tensions. Climate change……  The European Union and Europe in general face myriad and sometimes overwhelming challenges.  Many believe the conflict between an old establishment and new challenges will define future European politics. Our guest, Dr. Isebill Gruhn, will examine the current issues, their political and economic consequences, and the prospects for the future.

An expert and widely published scholar in international politics and international law,  Dr. Gruhn joined the faculty of the University of California Santa Cruz in 1969.  She taught in the politics department and twice chaired the department.  During her tenure she also served as Social Science Dean and Academic Vice Chancellor.  Much of her work has focused on African and European Affairs with an emphasis on development politics, human rights, and international law and international institutions.  Prior to teaching at UCSC she taught at Oberlin College.

Dr. Gruhn received her Ph.D. in political science from the University of California Berkeley and her M.A. in international studies from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, D.C.  She was born in Leipzig, Germany and immigrated to the United States at the age of twelve.    

Agenda

  • Thursday, August 22, 2019
  • 11:30 am: Registration
  • 11:50 am: Luncheon
  • 12:45 – 2:00 pm: Program

Luncheon Menu

  • Caesar Salad
  • Chicken Piccata with Lemon Caper Sauce
  • Rice Pilaf
  • Seasonal Vegetables
  • Fresh Rolls and Butter
  • Chef’s Choice Dessert
  • Coffee
  • Vegetarian Option: Fettucini Alfredo

Luncheon Cost

  • $31 for members
  • $40 for guests

Registration

Reservations are due by August 18 for this August 22 event.

Refunds are not available after the due date listed above.

To register by mail, fax, or phone, click here to view or download the Luncheon Reservation form in PDF file format and follow the instructions.

To register and pay online with a credit card, debit card, or PayPal, click here.

Location

Palo Corona Regional Park Headquarters
(formerly Rancho Canada Golf Club)
4860 Carmel Valley Rd
Carmel-By-The-Sea, CA 93923

Discussion Groups for August 2019

To see a list of recent Discussion Group events, click here.

WACMB Discussion Group meetings are free and open to the public.


MPC

Meetings are on the second Monday of the month, from 4:00-5:30 pm in Room 101, Social Sciences Building. Parking is available for $3 in Lot D.

The topic for the August 12 meeting is Universal Health Care around the World. Dr. Mike Wilson will do a brief summary of health care systems around the world.  Participants will discuss what the U.S. can learn from those systems as well as the pitfalls to be avoided.

Click here to put this event on your online calendar.


OLLI/CSUMB

The OLLI/CSUMB is on summer recess until September.

During the regular school year, meetings are on the third Monday of the month, from 4:00-5:30 at the CSUMB Ryan Ranch Location. Parking is free. Note: please RSVP for this group at either csumb.edu/olli or (831) 582-5500 so that you can receive course communications.

Check the OLLI/CSUMB website for information.

Luncheon on July 11, 2019

Topic

Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency

Speaker

Prof. Larry Diamond

Senior Fellow at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law and Faculty Director of the Haas Center for Public Service

Stanford University

Overview

Larry Diamond is a leading contemporary scholar in the field of democracy studies. He has made it his life’s work to secure democracy’s future by understanding its past and by advising dissidents who are fighting autocracy around the world. During his talk, Professor Diamond will discuss his latest book, Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency (Penguin Press, 2019), which is a personal and passionate call to action against the rising authoritarianism that is occurring today. In his remarks, he will analyze the challenges confronting liberal democracy in the United States and around the world, and will offer an agenda for strengthening and defending democracy both at home and abroad.

Larry Diamond is a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), both at Stanford University. For more than six years, he directed FSI’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, where he now leads its Program on Arab Reform and Democracy and its Global Digital Policy Incubator. He is the founding coeditor of the Journal of Democracy. Dr. Diamond is a prolific author; his other books include In Search of Democracy (2016), The Spirit of Democracy (2008), and Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation (1999). He has also edited or coedited more than forty books on democratic development around the world. Dr. Diamond was educated at Stanford, with a BA in Political Organization and Behavior, an MA from Stanford’s Food Research Institute, and a PhD in Sociology.

Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency will be available for purchase at the luncheon.

Please note that this program will be held at the Hilton Garden Inn, Monterey.  Room capacity is limited. Reservations will be accepted in the order they are received until the program is full. Depending on demand, we may be unable to accommodate auditors at this event.

Agenda

  • Thursday, July 11, 2019
  • 11:30 am: Registration
  • 11:50 am: Luncheon
  • 12:45 pm: Program

Luncheon Menu

  • California Field Greens with Almonds, Cranberries, and Pears
  • Maple & Mustard Glazed Salmon
  • Roasted Root Vegetables
  • Wild Rice Pilaf
  • Rolls and Butter
  • Coffee and Decaf
  • An Assortment of Chocolate and Double Chocolate Cupcakes
  • Vegetarian Choice: Harvest Squash stuffed with Herbs and Mushrooms

Luncheon Cost

  • $31 for members
  • $40 for guests

Registration

Reservations are due by July 8 for this July 11 event.

Refunds are not available after the due date listed above.

Registration for the luncheon is now closed.  Audience seating for the lecture only may be available, depending on room capacity, on a first-come-first-served basis.

Location

Hilton Garden Inn, Monterey
1000 Aguajito Road
Monterey, CA 93923

Property and Parking Map

Click here for larger view.

Discussion Groups for July 2019

To see a list of recent Discussion Group events, click here.

WACMB Discussion Group meetings are free and open to the public.


MPC

Meetings are on the second Monday of the month, from 4:00-5:30 pm in Room 101, Social Sciences Building. Parking is available for $3 in Lot D.

The topic for the July 8 meeting is How do tariffs affect international policy? What are tariffs’ effects on the U.S. economy?

Click here to put this event on your online calendar.


OLLI/CSUMB

The OLLI/CSUMB is on summer recess until September.

During the regular school year, meetings are on the third Monday of the month, from 4:00-5:30 at the CSUMB Ryan Ranch Location. Parking is free. Note: please RSVP for this group at either csumb.edu/olli or (831) 582-5500 so that you can receive course communications.

Check the OLLI/CSUMB website for information.

The Passport for June and July 2019

This is an online version of the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). You may click here to see other online issues or click here to reach the archive of recent issues in PDF format. 

Venezuela’s Crisis: Chavez, Maduro, and Beyond?

Venezuela finds itself mired in an unprecedented economic and political crisis.  The economy has contracted nearly 50% since President Maduro took office in 2013, oil production has declined to levels below those last seen in 1950, and inflation has reached as high as an estimated annual rate of over 1.3 million percent.  Millions have fled abroad in search of a better life, making Venezuela’s migration crisis the second worst in the world after Syria’s.

In 2019, the ruling Maduro regime faces new challenges at home from an opposition that has declared it illegitimate.  There is also unrest from within its own ranks, and from abroad due to diplomatic non-recognition by over 50 governments and U.S. opposition to its continuation of power.  In his talk, Dr. Harold Trinkunas will examine the apparently intractable political and economic crisis facing Venezuela. He will discuss the role played by the military in keeping the present government in power and the impact of the latest domestic and international pressures on the Maduro regime.

Click the dateline above to read more.


Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency

Larry Diamond is a leading contemporary scholar in the field of democracy studies. He has made it his life’s work to secure democracy’s future by understanding its past and by advising dissidents who are fighting autocracy around the world. During his talk, Professor Diamond will discuss his latest book, Ill Winds: Saving Democracy from Russian Rage, Chinese Ambition, and American Complacency (Penguin Press, 2019), which is a personal and passionate call to action against the rising authoritarianism that is occurring today. In his remarks, he will analyze the challenges confronting liberal democracy in the United States and around the world, and will offer an agenda for strengthening and defending democracy both at home and abroad.

Click the dateline above to read more.


WACMB coordinates two ongoing discussion groups, which are free and open to the public. Each month, the group selects the topic for the following month’s discussion.

Click the headline above to read more.


Click the headline above to read more.


WACMB In Profile: Judy Sloan

The World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area is full of interesting people who have done and are doing interesting things. WACMB In Profile will let you get to know some of them better.

If you enjoy the WACMB luncheon programs, Judy Sloan is the person to thank. She’s headed up the Programs Committee for 14 years, and enjoys finding great speakers who can enlighten us about world affairs.

A second-generation San Franciscan, Judy decided early in life that she wanted to see the world. When she was sixteen, her dream came true when her high school selected her to be its foreign exchange student. Off she went to Sweden, where she lived with a family on a farm on Gotland, an island in the Baltic Sea. This magical experience launched her into a lifetime of international work and travel.

Judy spent her freshman year of college in Japan on a Lions Club exchange through Tokyo’s Kojimachi Lions Club. Her sponsor family introduced her to all things Japanese, from Zen temples to sumo wrestling. Judy fell in love with East Asia. She earned a BA in International Relations at UC Davis (and a Phi Beta Kappa key), and was awarded a full scholarship to Stanford, where she obtained an MA in East Asian Studies. Along the way, she returned to Japan to study for a second time.

Judy’s career began in San Francisco at the Asia Foundation, a grant-making international development organization. While there, Judy met Lin Sloan, an executive with the Foundation. They married in 1978, and immediately resigned their jobs to . . . you guessed it: travel around the world. During their year-long odyssey, Judy and Lin spent time in Asia, Egypt, and Europe, living on a shoestring and having a grand time. In Goa, India, they stayed for three weeks in an old Portuguese house on the beach, which they rented for fifty cents a day. Judy says it was more interesting and fun than any five-star hotel could have been.

Upon their return to the US, Judy and Lin settled in Washington, DC, where she joined the staff of the International Rescue Committee, a refugee resettlement organization. Eventually, she made her way to the DC office of the Asia Society, a nonprofit, public education organization founded by John D. Rockefeller III and based in New York City. (Don’t confused the Asia Society with the Asia Foundation.) As the Director of the DC office for 18 years, Judy did a little bit of everything – developed programs, recruited and trained staff, raised funds, balanced budgets – and thrived on the diversity. Meanwhile, Lin worked in Congress for the House Foreign Affairs and the Senate Foreign Relations Committees.

After 23 years in DC, Judy and Lin moved back west to care for her parents. They landed in Monterey, where Judy fairly quickly found her niche at WACMB. She also seized the opportunity to study calligraphy and watercolor. In fact, she just had her first watercolor show at the Carmel Foundation. Clearly, Judy continues to find new and exciting worlds to explore!


Want to Get Involved?

WACMB is always looking for volunteers to help keep the organization running smoothly. If you’d like to get more involved with your organization, whether on a committee or on the board, we welcome you! Please let us know by sending an email to wacmb@redshift.com.


Speaker’s Book

At October’s luncheon, Tom Bruneau, Distinguished Professor Emeritus from the Naval Postgraduate School, spoke about the implications of the US military’s increasing use of private contractors. If you’d like to learn more about Professor Bruneau’s topic, you might be interested in his book Patriots for Profit: Contractors and the Military in U.S. National Security, published by Stanford University Press in 2011. It is available from the publisher in both hardcover and paperback (www.sup.org), and from Amazon in hardcover, paperback, and Kindle editions.


This is the monthly newsletter of the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area (WACMB). Founded in 1951, the council is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization established to promote the presentation, discussion, and study of international affairs. WACMB is a tax-exempt 501 (c) (3) organization, EIN-770301206. Contributions are tax deductible as permitted by law. WACMB sponsors monthly luncheons, discussion groups, and student scholarships.

Corporate and institutional support for the World Affairs Council of the Monterey Bay Area is provided by:

  • California State University Monterey Bay
  • Defense Language Institute
  • Monterey Peninsula College
  • Naval Postgraduate School
  • Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
  • Rancho Canada
  • Horan & Lloyd Law Firm

WACMB Logo

Luncheon on June 21, 2019

Topic

Venezuela’s Crisis: Chavez, Maduro, and Beyond?

Speaker

Dr. Harold Trinkunas

Senior Research Scholar, Center for International Security and Cooperation

Stanford University

Overview

Venezuela finds itself mired in an unprecedented economic and political crisis.  The economy has contracted nearly 50% since President Maduro took office in 2013, oil production has declined to levels below those last seen in 1950, and inflation has reached as high as an estimated annual rate of over 1.3 million percent.  Millions have fled abroad in search of a better life, making Venezuela’s migration crisis the second worst in the world after Syria’s.

In 2019, the ruling Maduro regime faces new challenges at home from an opposition that has declared it illegitimate.  There is also unrest from within its own ranks, and from abroad due to diplomatic non-recognition by over 50 governments and U.S. opposition to its continuation of power.  In his talk, Dr. Harold Trinkunas will examine the apparently intractable political and economic crisis facing Venezuela. He will discuss the role played by the military in keeping the present government in power and the impact of the latest domestic and international pressures on the Maduro regime.

Harold Trinkunas is both Deputy Director and a Senior Research Scholar at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. Prior to arriving at Stanford, Dr. Trinkunas served as the Charles W. Robinson Chair and Senior Fellow and Director of the Latin America Initiative in the Foreign Policy Program at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. Dr. Trinkunas has written on emerging powers and the international order, ungoverned spaces, terrorism financing, borders, democratic civil/ military relations, drug policy, and internet governance. His latest book is Militants, Criminals, and Warlords: The Challenge of Local Governance in an Age of Disorder (Brookings, 2017). He received his doctorate in political science from Stanford University. He was born in Maracaibo, Venezuela.

Please note that this program will be held at the Hilton Garden Inn, Monterey.  Room capacity is limited. Reservations will be accepted in the order they are received until the program is full. Depending on demand, we may be unable to accommodate auditors at this event.

Agenda

  • Friday, June 21, 2019
  • 11:30 am: Registration
  • 11:50 am: Luncheon
  • 12:45 pm: Program

Luncheon Menu

  • Field Greens Salad with Lemon Herb Vinaigrette
  • Honey Dijon Garlic Chicken over Toasted Almond Couscous
  • Sauteed Vegetables
  • Rolls and Butter
  • Coffee and Decaf
  • Frosted Lemon Bundt Cake with Blueberries
  • Vegetarian Choice: Grilled Vegetable Stack with a Classic Pesto

Luncheon Cost

  • $31 for members
  • $40 for guests

Registration

Reservations are due by June 17 for this June 21 event.

Refunds are not available after the due date listed above.

Registration for the luncheon is now closed.  Audience seating for the lecture only may be available, depending on room capacity, on a first-come-first-served basis.

Location

Hilton Garden Inn, Monterey
1000 Aguajito Road
Monterey, CA 93923

Property and Parking Map

Click here for larger view.

Discussion Groups for June 2019

To see a list of recent Discussion Group events, click here.

WACMB Discussion Group meetings are free and open to the public.

WACMB coordinates two ongoing discussion groups, which are free and open to the public. Each month, the group selects the topic for the following month’s discussion.


MPC

Meetings are on the second Monday of the month, from 4:00-5:30 pm in Room 101, Social Sciences Building. Parking is available for $3 in Lot D.

The topic for the June 10 meeting is“Afghanistan: Prospects for Peace or Endless War.” Over fifty years after the founding of Israel, tensions remain. Can common ground be found between the two sides?

Click here to put this event on your online calendar.


OLLI/CSUMB

Meetings are on the third Monday of the month, from 4:00-5:30 at the CSUMB Ryan Ranch Location. Parking is free. Note: please RSVP for this group at either csumb.edu/olli or (831) 582-5500 so that you can receive course communications.

The topic for the June 17 meeting is Brexit.

Click here to put this event on your online calendar.